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Alacron and FastVision's FC 300 Camera good for retinal diagnostics
Posted by: Site Administrator on Tuesday, January 7, 2014 at 12:00:00 am Comments (0)

FastVision and Alacron's new FC 300 might be useful for ophthalmologists, with output similar to Optical Coherence Tomography.  The FC 300 is a camera that can capture repetitive images of the retina in a low-light situation.  The new camera offers low noise, and a frame rate allowing the possible acquisition of 1000 windows of interest per second. 

In the wake of the TSA shooting, along with security challenges, robotics and machine vision for image capture for retinal study is also being considered for airport security.  Click HERE to see a recent article in the Wall Street Journal.  Excerpt from this story: "Ultimately, the technology could "get rid of the boarding pass completely," with fliers' faces serving as their tickets, said Michael Ibbitson, chief information officer of London Gatwick Airport...." The fliers scanned their irises when checking in, enabling cameras at security checkpoints and boarding gates to automatically recognize them. "We're only just starting to see what biometrics can do," he said."

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WHY WE LOVE ROBOTS: An Indie Movie about Robotics
Posted by: Site Administrator on Thursday, November 7, 2013 at 12:00:00 am Comments (0)

"THE FUTURE STARTS HERE: Why we love Robots" is a film by Tiffany Shlain.

Excderpt from her Web site: "Tiffany Shalain, award-winning filmmaker, speaker, and founder of The Webby Awards. In [this movie], she introduces us to her husband, Ken Goldberg, a professor of robotics, to dive into the past, present and future of robots and why it is that humans are so fascinated with the most “human” of our technologies."

In Episode 4 of her series on AOL, Tiffany explains that the majority of present day robots are found on factory floors where over a million are depoyed. She adds that, increasingly, robotic applications assist doctors in surgery. Military applications are touched upon, as well, but with a focus on drones and concern about the possible abuses. However, the documentary also notes that the primary purpose of modern day robots is to enhance life by functioning as a companion to human individuals and groups, whether in Alacron's customers' worlds of medical, manufacturing and military -- where machine vision and/or robotics are more efficient and arguably save many more lives than human military intervention -- or, increasingly, in modern everyday life applications, such as automobiles with sensor-driven machine vision.

THE FUTURE STARTS HERE notes that a "cloud" is even being developed for robots. Robots can share their gathered information, including images, enabling them to become smarter via advanced mathematics. This extreme number crunching of shared information gathered by robots can only be accomplished quickly by sharing computational power. Click HERE to see the entire movie short by Tiffany Shlain about robots and robotics.

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Blockbuster Movie GRAVITY Made Using Machine Vision & Industrial Roboticcs
Posted by: Site Administrator on Thursday, October 24, 2013 at 12:00:00 am Comments (0)

Alacron's technology was not used for the Hollywood blockbuster movie GRAVITY, but is a great illustration of how Alacron's Machine Vision is used in industry, combining robotics and imaging, not unlike much of the image gathering done by NASA in Outer Space.

Click HERE to read the article in Vision Systems Design (VSD) Magazine about the making of the movie.  Here is an excerpt from this article, by VSD Sr. Web Editor, James Carroll: "

Current Hollywood blockbuster Gravity, stars George Clooney and Sandra Bullock as surviving astronauts from a damaged space shuttle. The movie, which is receiving universal acclaim, required the invention of a new set of tools in order to create the film, according to director Alfonso Cuarón, since it depends almost entirely on computer-generated animation. Another aspect of the film was the accurate, or at least realistic-looking, depiction of space weightlessness.

Enter the robots.

Cuarón and team contacted a company out of San Francisco called Bot & Dolly, which redeployed robotic arms originally designed for factory automation assembly line tasks such as automotive welding and painting. The robots, called IRIS, wielded cameras, lights, props, and Clooney and Bullock themselves, throughout the filming process. These reliable, “robotic cameramen” enabled the crew to surpass previous motion-control setups, which did not have the consistency or ease of use of the robots, according to Popular Mechanics.

Autodesk’s Maya animation software was used to control the robots, and a custom computer interface translated the previsualized CG animation shots into physical camera moves on the set that captured the actor’s faces in the proper alignment.....

Factory automation meets Hollywood; who would have known?"

 

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Blockbuster Movie GRAVITY Made Using Machine Vision & Industrial Roboticcs
Posted by: Site GREEN Administrator on Thursday, October 24, 2013 at 12:00:00 am Comments (0)

Alacron's technology was not used for the Hollywood blockbuster movie GRAVITY, but is a great illustration of how Alacron's Machine Vision is used in industry, combining robotics and imaging, not unlike much of the image gathering done by NASA in Outer Space.

Click HERE to read the article in Vision Systems Design (VSD) Magazine about the making of the movie. Here is an excerpt from this article, by VSD Sr. Web Editor, James Carroll:

" Current Hollywood blockbuster Gravity, stars George Clooney and Sandra Bullock as surviving astronauts from a damaged space shuttle. The movie, which is receiving universal acclaim, required the invention of a new set of tools in order to create the film, according to director Alfonso Cuarón, since it depends almost entirely on computer-generated animation. Another aspect of the film was the accurate, or at least realistic-looking, depiction of space weightlessness.

Enter the robots.

Cuarón and team contacted a company out of San Francisco called Bot & Dolly, which redeployed robotic arms originally designed for factory automation assembly line tasks such as automotive welding and painting. The robots, called IRIS, wielded cameras, lights, props, and Clooney and Bullock themselves, throughout the filming process. These reliable, “robotic cameramen” enabled the crew to surpass previous motion-control setups, which did not have the consistency or ease of use of the robots, according to Popular Mechanics. Autodesk’s Maya animation software was used to control the robots, and a custom computer interface translated the previsualized CG animation shots into physical camera moves on the set that captured the actor’s faces in the proper alignment.....

Factory automation meets Hollywood; who would have known?"

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CEO Joseph Sgro: Background as Neurologist Provides Leadership in Cameras, Framegrabbers, and BSI
Posted by: Site Administrator on Monday, September 30, 2013 at 12:00:00 am Comments (0)

Excerpts from Wikipedia:

While researching mathematical logic, [Dr. Joeseph] Sgro became interested in investigating the logic systems that the brain uses to process motor and sensory information, and returned to school, intending to study clinical neurophysiology, the branch of neurology and physiology that examines the functioning of the peripheral and central nervous system. Neurophysiological research typically uses imaging tools for visualizing chemical and electrical activity in nerve pathways, and today includes fMRI, electroencephalography (EEG), evoked potentials (EPs), TMS and other technologies to visualize and evaluate brain activity....While working as a neurology researcher, Sgro focused increasingly on the use of imaging and machine vision technologies to acquire graphical imagery measuring the operation of neurological function in various states of consciousness and disease.

...While conducting research into the (afferent) sensory nervous system with evoked potentials, Sgro also began to investigate devices and techniques to determine the state of the (efferent) motor nervous system )using trans-cranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). The theoretical design results of a high-strenght rapid magnetic stimulator design is summarized in.[25]

Achieving more effective detection and treatment of sub-clinical diseases involved increasingly intensive intra-operative patient monitoring. This research and the resulting findings stimulated Sgro’s interest in machine vision, specifically the use of frame grabbers to monitor neurological impulses during complex surgery.

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CEO Joseph Sgro: Background as Neurologist Provides Leadership in Cameras, Framegrabbers, and BSI
Posted by: Site Administrator on Monday, September 30, 2013 at 12:00:00 am Comments (0)

Excerpts from Wikipedia:

While researching mathematical logic, [Dr. Joeseph] Sgro became interested in investigating the logic systems that the brain uses to process motor and sensory information, and returned to school, intending to study clinical neurophysiology, the branch of neurology and physiology that examines the functioning of the peripheral and central nervous system.

Neurophysiological research typically uses imaging tools for visualizing chemical and electrical activity in nerve pathways, and today includes fMRI, electroencephalography (EEG), evoked potentials (EPs), TMS and other technologies to visualize and evaluate brain activity....While working as a neurology researcher, Sgro focused increasingly on the use of imaging and machine vision technologies to acquire graphical imagery measuring the operation of neurological function in various states of consciousness and disease.

...While conducting research into the (afferent) sensory nervous system with evoked potentials, Sgro also began to investigate devices and techniques to determine the state of the (efferent) motor nervous system )using trans-cranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). The theoretical design results of a high-strenght rapid magnetic stimulator design is summarized in.[25] Achieving more effective detection and treatment of sub-clinical diseases involved increasingly intensive intra-operative patient monitoring. This research and the resulting findings stimulated Sgro’s interest in machine vision, specifically the use of frame grabbers to monitor neurological impulses during complex surgery.

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DISAMBIGUATION: Increasingly Important as Esoteric Machine Vision Terms Collide with Other Markets
Posted by: Site Administrator on Wednesday, September 25, 2013 at 12:00:00 am Comments (0)

Whether researching computer speeds, (a.k.a. hertz, as in megahertz) in Wikipedia or shopping for framegrabbers on Google, "disambiguation" is increasingly relevant to modern life on the Internet.  "Disamgibuation" is growing in importance in this age of colliding markets. My favorite example is the acronym R.O.I. For most of the world this means Return on Investment. BUT in the esoteric world of Machine Vision, ROI means Region of Interest! (i.e. a robotic "eye" only focuses on a very small ROI).  Wikipedia has a whole page of tips and techniques to avoid disambiguation in your articles. But CLICK HERE to see a humorou video -- one of the best illustrations of non-technical men struggling with disambiguation.

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CEO Joseph Sgro: Math Background Provides Leadership in Cameras, Framegrabbers, and BSI
Posted by: Site Administrator on Wednesday, September 4, 2013 at 12:00:00 am Comments (0)

From Dr. Sgro's Wikipedia article:

"During his first year as a PhD candidate at the University of Wisconsin, Sgro proved that a topological extension of first-order logic using the open set logic quantifier has logical completeness, which had previously been widely believed but had not been proven. Sgro’s proof drew attention throughout mathematical world, and, in 1974, a year before finishing his PhD, he was awarded an appointment as a Josiah Willard Gibbs Instructor in Mathematics at Yale University, received an NSF research grant to continue his work in topological model theory.[3] Yale allowed him to accept this honor while remotely completing his thesis and dissertation at Wisconsin, which he did in 1975. His conclusions regarding the topological model theory formed the basis of his PhD thesis and dissertation. During the 1976-1977 academic year Sgro received a Centennial Fellowship[4] from the AMS. His work also resulted in an invitation to speak at the Logica Colloquim ’77 European Meeting of the Association for Symbolic Logic. This event was held in Wrocław, Poland, which was then still part of the Eastern Bloc, making Sgro among the first mathematicians from the West to speak at an event “behind the Iron Curtain.”[5] Sgro also spent 1977-1978 at the Institute for Advanced Study at Princeton University.[6]

Published in 1977, Sgro’s thesis “Completeness Theorems for Topological Models”[7] and extensions of this research including the axiomatization and completeness of continuous functions on product topology open set quantifiers was published in 1976 in the Israel Journal of Mathematics.[8] Following these results, Sgro published a proof that an extension of the open set quantifier logic using interior operator quantifier logic has completeness and satisfies Craig interpolation.[9] He further showed that the Souslin-Kleene closure [10] of the open set quantifier logic fails Craig Interpolation which implies that it is strictly weaker than the interior operator logic.[11] His later research concentrated on proving the existance of maximal extensions of first order logic which satisfy Łoś's theorem on ultraproducts and have the Souslin-Kleene property.[12] Also this was extended to ultraproduct extensions of first order logic which satisfied both the Łoś's theorem and an extended form of the compactness theorem.[13]

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CEO Joseph Sgro: Math Background Provides Leadership in Cameras, Framegrabbers, and BSI
Posted by: Site Administrator on Wednesday, September 4, 2013 at 12:00:00 am Comments (0)

From Wikipedia:

"During his first year as a PhD candidate at the University of Wisconsin, Sgro proved that a topological extension of first-order logic using the open set logic quantifier has logical completeness, which had previously been widely believed but had not been proven. Sgro’s proof drew attention throughout mathematical world, and, in 1974, a year before finishing his PhD, he was awarded an appointment as a Josiah Willard Gibbs Instructor in Mathematics at Yale University, received an NSF research grant to continue his work in topological model theory.[3] Yale allowed him to accept this honor while remotely completing his thesis and dissertation at Wisconsin, which he did in 1975. His conclusions regarding the topological model theory formed the basis of his PhD thesis and dissertation. During the 1976-1977 academic year Sgro received a Centennial Fellowship[4] from the AMS. His work also resulted in an invitation to speak at the Logica Colloquim ’77 European Meeting of the Association for Symbolic Logic. This event was held in Wrocław, Poland, which was then still part of the Eastern Bloc, making Sgro among the first mathematicians from the West to speak at an event “behind the Iron Curtain.”[5] Sgro also spent 1977-1978 at the Institute for Advanced Study at Princeton University.[6]

Published in 1977, Sgro’s thesis “Completeness Theorems for Topological Models”[7] and extensions of this research including the axiomatization and completeness of continuous functions on product topology open set quantifiers was published in 1976 in the Israel Journal of Mathematics.[8] Following these results, Sgro published a proof that an extension of the open set quantifier logic using interior operator quantifier logic has completeness and satisfies Craig interpolation.[9] He further showed that the Souslin-Kleene closure [10] of the open set quantifier logic fails Craig Interpolation which implies that it is strictly weaker than the interior operator logic.[11] His later research concentrated on proving the existance of maximal extensions of first order logic which satisfy Łoś's theorem on ultraproducts and have the Souslin-Kleene property.[12] Also this was extended to ultraproduct extensions of first order logic which satisfied both the Łoś's theorem and an extended form of the compactness theorem.[13]

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